WELLINGTON (Arthur Wellesley, duc de)

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WELLINGTON (Arthur Wellesley, duc de)
Lettre autographe signée, en anglais, a Miguel-Ricardo de Álava. Londres, 13 avril 1831. 5 pp. in-4, une pliure légerement renforcée. Portrait gravé sur cuivre joint. PUISSANTE ANALYSE STRATÉGIQUE SUR LA GUERRE RUSSO-POLONAISE, consécutive a l'insurrection de novembre 1830: débutée en janvier 1831, cette guerre sanglante prendrait fin avec la prise de Varsovie en septembre 1831 et l'annexion du pays par la Russie, provoquant une vague de protestations en Europe émanant de personnalités éminentes comme Chopin ou Daumier (sa lithographie L'ordre règne à Varsovie)... «Mi querido Alava... HAVE NEVER BEEN MISTAKEN ABOUT THIS POLISH CAMPAIGN. THE RUSSIANS BEGAN TOO LATE OR TOO EARLY. They were too late for the frosts of the winter, which would have given them good roads, dry though cold bivouacques for their troops, horses, &c., and would have facilitated the passage of the rivers. They were too early for the spring and summer. Their first successes were stopped by the state of the rivers which were absolutely unpassable, that is fully covered with ice not stony enough to bear the passage of troops. In this state no bridge can be made till the débâcle of the ice takes place, till the river is cleared of floating ice; and moreover till the waters, increased by the general thaw will have collided with the natural bed of the river. DURING THIS INTERVAL THE RUSSIAN ARMY WAS UNDER THE NECESSITY OF HALTING. Their first successes which brought them up to the Vistula, and had driven the Poles out Warsaw, left the latter in possession of the tete de pont of Praga [sur la rive droite de la Vistule face a Varsovie]; and the Russians in possession of the suburb of Praga itself. The Poles made two or more attempts to dislodge them but in vain; and the Russians continued to the last, I believe, in possession of Praga. In the meantime the Russian army could not remain en corps. It could not bivouaque on the same ground during the thaw. If men or horses could have held out against the ev
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