NICOLAS EDWARD GABE (PARIS, 1814 - 1865)... - Lot 276 - Osenat

Lot 276
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5000 - 6000 EUR
NICOLAS EDWARD GABE (PARIS, 1814 - 1865)... - Lot 276 - Osenat
NICOLAS EDWARD GABE (PARIS, 1814 - 1865) The Death of General Negrier at the Bastille on June 25, 1848 Oil on canvas Signed and dated lower right 1849. 82 x 101 cm Biographies: Nicolas Edward GABE was a 19th century artist. He exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1835 to 1864 where he first practiced miniature painting and then approached easel painting as well as still life, seascapes, landscapes, portraits and hunting. It is noteworthy that Gabé did not exhibit at the Salon his great historical paintings on the 1848 revolution, which are of obvious documentary and iconographic interest today, probably for political reasons that are easily understandable today in view of the historical events of the time. Gabé died in Paris at the age of 51 on January 4, 1865 with the following mention in the January 7, 1865 edition of L'Union des Arts: "We announce the death of Mr. Gabé, painter, well known in the export trade of paintings as well as at the auctioneers' house, whose sales he supplied with his numerous seascapes. Colonel Borgarelli d'Ison François Marie Casimir de NEGRIER Born in Le Mans on April 27, 1788, he entered, at the age of 18, as a volunteer in the 2nd light infantry regiment. He started, in 1806, with the campaigns of Prussia and Poland, during which he earned, by his bravery, the rank of sergeant and the decoration of the Legion of Honor. He made the following campaigns in Spain and Portugal, and left with his regiment only for the French campaign, in 1814, after having successively risen to the rank of battalion commander by brilliant actions and a serious wound. The Restoration kept his rank in his regiment. After having fought and been wounded a second time seriously at Waterloo, Négrier was recalled in 1816 under the second Restoration. In 1825 he was appointed lieutenant-colonel, then colonel in 1830, brigadier general in 1836, and division general in 1841. From March 1837, he participated in the conquest of Algeria. The revolution of 1848 found Négrier in possession of the important command of the 16th military division, in Lille. Quaestor of the Assembly in these times which were announced troubled, Négrier reviewed on the place de la Concorde on June 23 towards midday various battalions of mobile guard. He then took the head of 2 000 men provided by the 10th and 11th legions of the national guard and bivouacked on the place of the Palace until the next day 24. On Sunday the 25th, at nine o'clock, the Négrier division resumed the fight towards the faubourg Saint-Antoine. The troops won continuous advantages. Around two o'clock the column of Négrier had seized the Marie bridge: it had taken the barricades of the quai Saint-Paul, of the rue de l'Etoile, of the rue des Barres and of the rue du petit-Musc, it had dislodged the insurgents from the granaries of abundance. It occupied the bridge of Austerlitz, it reached the entrance of the Arsenal station. There, General Négrier divided his column. He then turned right, by the boulevard Contrescarpe, and advanced to the corner of the place de la Bastille. The place was then in turmoil. Barricades block all the accesses and the red flag floats on the column of July. The bullets criss-cross the square and General Negrier advances followed by some men towards the center of the square. It is then that a shot reaches him and the general staggers. He died a few moments later in the arms of a non-commissioned officer. A decree concerning the funeral of General Négrier was issued by the National Assembly on June 29, 1848 and decided, among other things, that his heart would be placed in the Invalides and his body given to the City of Lille, which claimed it.
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