Jacques-Augustin-Catherine PAJOU (Paris 1766-...

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Jacques-Augustin-Catherine PAJOU (Paris 1766-...

Jacques-Augustin-Catherine PAJOU (Paris 1766- Paris 1828) " Portrait of Anne-Ernestine Panckoucke, her brush in hand making a floral composition " Oil on canvas signed and dated on the left towards the center " Pajou. 1819 " 81x 65 cm Very beautiful wooden and gilded stucco frame. History: Sale Paris, 30 May 1941 (Me Ader), n° 137, presented under the title "Portrait of an artist" awarded 1200 fr. Bibliography: Philippe Nusbaumer, Jacques-Augustin-Catherine Pajou, Le Pecq, 1997? P. 103, fig. 53. Related works: Odile CHEVALIER mentions in a Panckoucke sale on March 22 and 23, 1841, a portrait (miniature?) by Isabey, unknown location and a portrait painted by Deveria, unknown location, the latter portrait represents her "lying on an errant couch relavant d'une longue maladie". Jacques-Augustin-Catherine PAJOU was a French painter born in Paris on 27 August 1766 and died at his home at 20, rue Saint-Dominique on 28 November 1828. Son of the sculptor Augustin Pajou, Jacques Pajou. In 1784, he was a student of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture, and tried four times to win the Prix de Rome for painting, in vain. A letter from Girodet to François Gérard sheds light on these failures: "Why did Pajou withdraw again with hopes? " (which implies that Pajou would not have participated in the final events without the reasons being known). In 1792, the artist joined the Compagnie des arts de Paris to defend the country alongside Captain Jacques Lemercier (sculptor), Second Lieutenant Jean-Baptiste Francesqui (sculptor, known as Franceschi-Delonne), non-commissioned officer Louis-François Lejeune (painter), and also the future economist Jean-Baptiste Say. In the armies, near Sedan, he corresponded with his friend François Gérard. These letters, published a second time in 1997, testify to the mentality of a conscript, bursting with enthusiasm at first, then tired of these campaigns: "It will be necessary to stay here because I do not want to be dishonoured in the eyes of my fellow citizens, if however my physique can bear the evils that we will suffer... "Demobilized, he participated in the creation of the Commune générale des arts, an institution replacing the Royal Academy of painting and sculpture, he was one of its secretaries under the presidency of the painter Joseph-Marie Vien. On July 17, 1795, he married Marie-Marguerite Thibault (1764-1827), his friend François Gérard was his witness. During the Empire, he was commissioned to paint the portrait of Marshal Berthier, still kept at Versailles, and in 1812 he painted a painting representing Napoleon's Clemency towards Mademoiselle de Saint-Simon, for this evocation of a political act against the French royalists in Spain, Pajou was awarded the gold medal. In 1811, at the instigation of François-Guillaume Ménageot, who was aware of the precarious situation of the sculptor David d'Angers, Jacques Pajou wrote a letter to the Mayor of Angers asking for material help for this Angevin. The aid is granted and is considered essential for the sculptor's professional success. In 1814, he painted three paintings celebrating the return of the Bourbons: Tête d'étude representing Peace with the attributes of Abundance, Composition allégorique sur la régénération opérée en France par le retour du souverain légitime, Le Retour de Louis XVIII, tableau allégorique. This last work is exhibited at the 1814 Salon. In 1823, he resigned from the association Les Enfants d'Apollon because of his state of health, he was "cruelly tormented for a year by a continuous earthquake"9. He died in 1828 and was buried in the Père-Lachaise cemetery. His son Augustin-Désiré Pajou is also a painter
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